Foreign companies may set up business in India in any one of pursuing manners while retaining its status as being a foreign company:
Liaison Offices – A foreign company can open a liaison office in India to maintain its Indian operations, to promote its business interests, to spread awareness belonging to the company’s products and to explore further avenues. Liaison offices are not allowed to carry on any business or earn any income in India and all sorts of expenses are in order to become borne by remittances from abroad.
Project Offices – The project office is the ideal method for companies to establish a home-based business presence in India, if the object is to possess a presence for minimal period of any time. It is essentially a branch office set up with the limited purpose for executing a specific upgrade. Foreign companies engaged in turnkey construction or installation normally put in a project office for their operations in India.
Branch Offices – Foreign companies involved LLP Registration Online in India manufacturing and trading activities outside India may open branch offices for write-up of:
oRepresenting the parent company or other foreign companies in various matters in India, like acting as buying and selling agents.
oConducting research, wherein the parent company is engaged, provided outcomes of this research are made to be able to Indian companies
oUndertaking export and import trading situations.
oPromoting technical and financial collaborations between Indian and foreign companies.
Trading companies – Foreign companies may invest in trading companies engaged primarily in exports. Such trading companies are treated at par with domestic trading companies in accordance with the trade policy.
The RBI accords automatic approval for foreign equity up to 51 per cent for setting up trading companies engaged primarily in exports. All other proposals, which do not meet the criteria for automatic approval, can be addressed to the Foreign Investment Promotion Board, i.e. “FIPB”.
Wholly owned subsidiaries – Foreign companies may set up a wholly owned subsidiary, which a Indian Company a great independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.
Under the current foreign investment policy, a wholly owned subsidiary can be established either the particular automatic route, generally if the conditions specified therein are complied with (specific high priority industries) or get an approval from the FIPB.
Joint venture companies – Foreign companies may set up a joint venture company i.e. economical collaboration with an Indian business house/company in India, could be an Indian Company with an independent legal status, distinct from the parent foreign company.
Under the current foreign investment policy, a joint venture can be established either under the automated route, if the physical conditions specified therein are complied with or obtain an approval from the FIPB.
Foreign companies intending to set up any involving office already mentioned activities portion of the parent company or foreign trading companies in India for promotion of exports from India have to obtain a prior approval of this Reserve Bank by submitting an application in the prescribed form to the Central Office of Reserve Bank. On approval of this cases, permission is granted initially to secure a period of three years, prone to the condition that expenses of such office in order to met exclusively out of inward remittances; such offices are not permitted to generate any income in United states of america.