Congratulations! By even considering installing a water filter system in your home you are already one step closer to the wonderful health benefits filtered water can provide. But choosing a water filter can definitely be a difficult decision. There are countless different models available today that it can confusing to know which is best for you. Here are a number of main methods of purification available for your home:
1. Reverse Osmosis Water filter
Reverse osmosis water filters are popular and readily available. They can be installed as under-counter models, or even while a entire house water filter system. Originally invented to clean salt water, reverse osmosis works by using water pressure to force water via a membrane, allowing only molecules that are small enough to pass through, thus blocking toxic contamination. Sediments such as iron, lead, mercury and copper are easily blocked, as well as bacteria and viruses. Chlorine molecules also cannot suffer the membrane layer.
There are two main drawbacks for the reverse osmosis system. First, the process wastes lots of water by needing a more costly ratio of unfiltered to filtered water in order to ‘push’ the molecules through the membrane. The ratio is 4:1. Speaking about . a involving water is nerely going down the sink.
Second, the opposite osmosis process strips water of important minerals. Drinking ‘soft’ water that is free of minerals is not considered a good health clinic. If you are taking a associated with extra mineral and vitamin supplements, however, this may not be of much concern.
The real advantage to be able to reverse osmosis water filter is required very little maintenance, with only the occasional cleaning within the membrane.
2. Activated Carbon Purification
Activated Carbon, also in order to activated charcoal, is one such filtering system. Active carbon works by binding contaminants to its surface. Leading area in active carbon is massive for its small size, since minerals and vitamins millions of tiny nooks and crannies. However, the binding process does eventually ‘fill’ the surface, along with the filters need to have changing.
The main advantage of activated carbon is that it’s readily available, can take place in a decreased cartridge, wastes no water, and is usually inexpensive.
The main disadvantages are that filters need always be changed regularly, and if improperly maintained, can become moldy. Shower filters, in particular, which are exposed to the majority of hot water, can break down the active carbon filter, and become useless at filtration, or worse, a breeding ground for Plumbing mold. Proper use and regular replacement of filters minimizes this problem from occurring.
3. Ceramic Water Filter
Ceramic filters are made of the fossilized remains of ancient sea life. They are an excellent filter of larger sediments, and at all bacteria and viruses, while still allowing minerals to pass through. Ceramic filters are often used in outdoor filter systems, and the main dilemma is filtering out pathogens, and not chemicals. Ceramic filters do not filter out chlorine, long time used at home filter system, are usually combined with another associated with filter to accomplish this result.
Other Water purification Systems
Beyond the main three usually there are some other types of filters that the researching homeowner may come across:
Ultraviolet water filters bombard the water that passes through with ultraviolet rays, killing all pathogens. Excellent at disinfecting water, Ultraviolet does not filter out sediments or chemicals.
Ionizing water filters separate alkaline from acid their water, while giving both. People today report health improvements of drinking alkaline water, and ionizer filters are widely used frequently in hospitals and health nursing homes.
KDF water filters use a brass alloy that results galvanic action which breaks down chlorine. Are generally very beneficial in shower heads, since the copper and zinc typically the alloy is proven to work better at higher temps.
Navigating the confusing involving water filter options can be quite overwhelming to the homeowner. But armed with this basic understanding of the different filtering methods available, now you are two steps closer to choosing the right filter for the home and starting out enjoy the many health benefits a home water filter brings.